Understanding bucket shops and Polkadot futures contract
Aka how to trade IOU without access to underlying commodity.
Polkadot is currently like Ethereum pre-genesis, participants that bought tokens have just wallet.json file with keys that would allow them to claim Polkadot real tokens when the network will launch.
Technically there is ERC20 token that’s not transferrable - it’s just an indicator that somebody owns the Dots.
Then how it’s possible to have exchanges offering DOT/USD trading?
Enter bucket shops.
bucket shop is "an establishment, nominally for the transaction of a stock exchange business, or business of similar character, but really for the registration of bets, or wagers, usually for small amounts, on the rise or fall of the prices of stocks, grain, oil, etc., there being no transfer or delivery of the stock or commodities nominally dealt in" ( wikipedia )
Do you actually need to hold the stocks or currencies to trade them? There are multiple shady “forex / CFD“ operators that just that:
A customer is sending some real dollars to the account controlled by the “forex“ then trades with large leverage. Note that his profits = losses for the “operator“ = usually people lose 90% of money trading in 90 days so you can actually operate such schemes until regulator would get after you.
And what’s the DeFi? Same thing but with some transparency and smart contracts.
How exactly it works?
Buyers : Buyers post fully funded USDT for purchases and therefore have no leverage. CoinFLEX has the right to introduce leverage, thus lowering margin requirements in the case where DOT Futures build up enough liquidity, at the sole discretion of CoinFLEX.
Sellers: Sellers have to post USDT T600 (CPC) for every Dot Futures they sell on the orderbook. This is to ensure that in any situation, longs can be made whole. At the point where Polkadot’s mainnet launches, CoinFLEX may allow sellers to replace the T600 USDT with 1 DOT as margin.
1. Use some cryptocurrency as collateral
2. Have some price feed or final settlement date
3. Polkadot seller has to deliver $600 worth of Tethers to the exchange.
4. Buyer would receive either real Polkadots before 30th June 2020 or if the network would not launch before this date then they would get $120 worth of Tethers.
Current price ( orderbook ladder )
If you want to buy Polkadot right now you have to pay roughly $180 per DOT
If you want to sell Polkadot right now you could sell it for about $100 but you have to lock ($600 - current price = $500 per dot ) until 30 June 2020 ( about half a year of opportunity cost and default risk for the CoinFlex - say it’s 10% p.a :
Then it cost about $25 per DOT. So if you factor the opportunity cost in then you can sell the Dots right now for $75.
If you are enduring you can post buy order at $100 and wait until it will be filled but then it’s even better option than other IOU as in case of network failure you will get back $120 ( roughly 40% annualised return rate )
you can buy and sell Polkadot already
selling Polkadots require lot of collateral ( $500 per dot )
buying Polkadot on CoinFlex is better than buying raw IOU as if the network won’t launch you would actually profit
You will lose money if the Polkadot mainnet will launch with lower price then current $100
In the next newsletter I will explain how SNX works in the detail